As Tennyson's father grew older, he became more passionate and melancholy sad. He began drinking heavily, suffered from lapses of memory, and once even tried to kill his eldest son.
The poet's grandfather had violated tradition by making his younger son, Charles, his heir, and arranging for the poet's father to enter the ministry. See the Tennyson Family Tree. The contrast of his own family's relatively straitened circumstances to the great wealth of his aunt Elizabeth Russell and uncle Charles Tennyson who lived in castles!
He also had a lifelong fear of mental illness, for several men in his family had a mild form of epilepsy, which was then thought a shameful disease.
His father and brother Arthur made their cases worse by excessive drinking. His brother Edward had to be confined in a mental institution afterand he himself spent a few weeks under doctors' care in In the late twenties his father's physical and mental condition worsened, and he became paranoid, abusive, and violent.
In Tennyson escaped the troubled atmosphere of his home when he followed his two older brothers to Trinity College, Cambridge, where his tutor was William Whewell — see nineteenth-century philosophy.
Biography of alfred tennyson they had published Poems by Two Brothers in and each won university prizes for poetry Alfred winning the Chancellor's Gold Medal in for "Timbuctoo" the Tennyson brothers became well known at Cambridge.
In The Apostles, an undergraduate club, whose members remained Tennyson's friends all his life, invited him to join.
The group, which met to discuss major philosophical and other issues, included Arthur Henry HallamJames Spedding, Edward Lushington who later married Cecilia Tennysonand Richard Monckton Milnes — all eventually famous men who merited entries in the Dictionary of National Biography. Arthur Hallam's was the most important of these friendships.
Hallam, another precociously brilliant Victorian young man like Robert BrowningJohn Stuart Milland Matthew Arnoldwas uniformly recognized by his contemporaries including William Gladstonehis best friend at Eton as having unusual promise. He and Tennyson knew each other only four years, but their intense friendship had major influence on the poet.
On a visit to Somersby, Hallam met and later became engaged to Emily Tennyson, and the two friends looked forward to a life-long companionship.
Hallam's death from illness in he was only 22 shocked Tennyson profoundly, and his grief lead to most of his best poetry, including In Memoriam"The Passing of Arthur," " Ulysses ," and " Tithonus.
Critics in those days delighted in the harshness of their reviews: Late in the s Tennyson grew concerned about his mental health and visited a sanitarium run by Dr. Matthew Allen, with whom he later invested his inheritance his grandfather had died in and some of his family's money.
Allen's scheme for mass-producing wood carvings using steam power went bankrupt, Tennyson, who did not have enough money to marry, ended his engagement to Emily Sellwood, whom he had met at his brother Charles's wedding to her sister Louisa.
By now Tennyson, only 41, had written some of his greatest poetry, but he continued to write and to gain in popularity. Inas the Tennysons were moving into their new house on the Isle of Wight, Prince Albert dropped in unannounced. His admiration for Tennyson's poetry helped solidify his position as the national poet, and Tennyson returned the favor by dedicating The Idylls of the King to his memory.
Queen Victoria later summoned him to court several times, and at her insistence he accepted his title, having declined it when offered by both Disraeli and Gladstone.
Tennyson suffered from extreme short-sightedness — without a monocle he could not even see to eat — which gave him considerable difficulty writing and reading, and this disability in part accounts for his manner of creating poetry: Tennyson composed much of his poetry in his head, occasionally working on individual poems for many years.
During his undergraduate days at Cambridge he often did not bother to write down his compositions, although the Apostles continually prodded him to do so.
We owe the first version of "The Lotos-Eaters" to Arthur Hallam, who transcribed it while Tennyson declaimed it at a meeting of the Apostles.
Long-lived like most of his family no matter how unhealthy they seemed to be Alfred, Lord Tennyson died on October 6,at the age of Text [The text has been checked against the The Poems of Tennyson, ed. Christopher initiativeblog.com edition incorporating the Trinity College Manuscripts.
Burnt Mill, Harlow, Essex: Longman, Tennyson Complete Works – World’s Best Ultimate Collection – + Works – Lord Alfred Tennyson’s Complete Poems, Poetry, Epics, Plays, Writings Plus Biography, Annotations & .
May 05, · John Keats – English Romantic Poet Name: John Keats Date of birth: 31 October Place of birth: Moorgate, London, England Date of death: 23 February (aged 25) Place of death: Rome, Papal States Occupation: Poet Early Life John Keats .
Alfred Tennyson was born August 6th, , at Somersby, Lincolnshire, fourth of twelve children of George and Elizabeth (Fytche) Tennyson.
The poet's grandfather had violated tradition by making his younger son, Charles, his heir, and arranging for the poet's father to enter the ministry.
Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson FRS (6 August – 6 October ) was Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains one of .
A biography of Helen Allingham including pictures of Helen and watercolours of her husband and children.