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German-occupied EuropeConcentration and extermination camps, and ghettos. Territories of the Axis Powers are in olive green. The logistics of the mass murder turned the country into what Michael Berenbaum called "a genocidal state". Bureaucrats identified who was a Jew, confiscated property, and scheduled trains that deported Jews.
Companies fired Jews and later employed them as slave labour. Universities dismissed Jewish faculty and students. German pharmaceutical companies tested drugs on camp prisoners; other companies built the crematoria.
The killings were systematically conducted in virtually all areas of occupied Europe —more than 20 occupied countries. Hundreds of thousands more died in the rest of Europe. They included the head of the German Red Cross, tenured professors, clinic directors, and biomedical researchers.
Some dealt with sterilization of men and women, the treatment of war wounds, ways to counteract chemical weapons, research into new vaccines and drugs, and the survival of harsh conditions.
One of Mengele's assistants said in that he was told to send organs of interest to the directors of the "Anthropological Institute in Berlin-Dahlem". History of the Jews in GermanyChristianity and antisemitismMartin Luther and antisemitismReligious antisemitismand Racial antisemitism Throughout the Middle Ages in Europe, Jews were subjected to antisemitism based on Christian theology, which blamed them for killing Jesus.
Even after the ReformationCatholicism and Lutheranism continued to persecute Jews, accusing them of blood libels and subjecting them to pogroms and expulsions. The movement embraced a pseudo-scientific racism that viewed Jews as a race whose members were locked in mortal combat with the Aryan race for world domination.
This did not mean that antisemitism had disappeared; instead it was incorporated into the platforms of several mainstream political parties. Many Germans did not accept that their country had been defeated, which gave birth to the stab-in-the-back myth.
This insinuated that it was disloyal politicians, chiefly Jews and communists, who had orchestrated Germany's surrender. Inflaming the anti-Jewish sentiment was the apparent over-representation of Jews in the leadership of communist revolutionary governments in Europe, such as Ernst Tollerhead of a short-lived revolutionary government in Bavaria.
This perception contributed to the canard of Jewish Bolshevism. Rosenberg's vision of a secretive Jewish conspiracy ruling the world would influence Hitler's views of Jews by making them the driving force behind communism.
Open about his hatred of Jews, he subscribed to the common antisemitic stereotypes.
He viewed Marxism as a Jewish doctrine, said he was fighting against " Jewish Marxism ", and believed that Jews had created communism as part of a conspiracy to destroy Germany.The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered some six million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between and Jews were targeted for extermination as part of a larger event involving the persecution and murder of other groups, including .
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These Nazi Germany essay questions have been written and compiled by Alpha History authors, for use by teachers and students. They can also be used for short . Answer: The "Holocaust" refers to the period from January 30, , when Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, to May 8, (V-E Day), the end of the war in Europe.
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