Historical Development of Village Panchayat:
Civics yrs Interactive 9 Peter, a student of the 5th grade had done badly in the term-end exam. The class teacher advised that Peter had been ill that month, but was really bright and deserved to go up to the 6th grade.
Why did the headmistress consult the class teacher? Naturally, because the class teacher meets Peter everyday and knows what he needs in order to succeed.
It is precisely on this principle that the system of local governments is formed India is a vast country with a huge population: What is a Gram Panchayat? A Gram Panchayat is the local self government organisation in India of the Panchayati Raj system, at the village or small town level and is at the base level of the Panchayati Raj.
They are governed by the 73rd Amendment, which is concerned with Rural Local Governments. A Gram Panchayat is headed by the Sarpanch, who is the elected head.
How does the Gram Panchayat administrate its duties? The Sarpanch, Members and Gram Sevaks represent the voice and opinion of the village people on behalf of the Gram Panchayat to the Taluka and Zilla level by attending the meetings or sending the official records.
Hence India has a federal structure, where there are governing bodies at lower levels.
The administrative hierarchy is something like this: The central government is the policy maker and makes important decisions for the nation. It makes decisions about big issues like whether the country should be a nuclear power and what kinds of infrastructure should be implemented to benefit everybody.
At the other end is the village panchayat which chiefly deals with its own village. This group of villagers are in charge of asking the state government for the needs of the village. It is funded by the state government and the central government and must abide by the state and central government laws.
Benefits and Importance of the Gram Panchayat Reduces poverty by addressing needs at a grass root levell. Better use of local resources. People are directly involved in their local government. A village council system is maybe as old as Indian civilization but somehow got lost over time.
With the efforts of the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, the 73rd Amendment Act came into force in and the Panchayati Raj system was part of the constitution. It aims to reach even the smallest and remotest village.
Structure of the Village Panchayat Each village has a gram sabha made up of people in an area over the age of 18 and are citizens of India.
The gram sabha is represented by a panchayat and elects a president who is the sarpanch. The panchayat is further divided into wards, smaller areas with its own representatives or ward panchs.
Together the ward panchs and the sarpanch make up the gram panchayat. There is a panchayat at the village, intermediate and district level. In states with population below 20 lakhs, there would be panchayats at the village and district level only.
Members of the panchayat five in number would be elected by the people.
The panchayat would be headed by the sarpanch or village headman.How do you write a letter to the gram panchayat of bhumsi village telling them how to harvest water? The modern panchayati raj of India and its gram panchayats are not to be confused with either the traditional system nor with the extra-constitutional khap panchayats (or caste panchayats.
WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON. Village Panchayat.
FOR ONLY $/PAGE. Order Now. Introduction: The present village Panchayat is a kind of local self-Government. The system has three objects.
One is to make the villagers better habituated with the exercise of franchise. During the Mughal period the village Panchayats .
The Congress Party in India made a point of creating village panchayats as local instruments of government, the so-called panchayat raj, or government by panchayats.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles. A Gram Panchayat is the local self government organisation in India of the Panchayati Raj system, at the village or small town level and is at the base level of the Panchayati Raj.
They are governed by the 73rd Amendment, which is concerned with Rural Local Governments. Here is a compilation of essays on ‘Panchayats’ for class 9, 10, 11 and Find paragraphs, long and short essays on ‘Panchayats’ especially written for school and college students.
Essay on Panchayats Essay Contents: Essay on the History of Panchayats Essay on the Recommendations of Congress Village Panchayat Committee, Essay on the Panchayats [ ].